Гепатит б в семье-Когда гепатит особо заразен. — Нина Алексеевна, насколько должны быть осторожны родные человека, которому диагностировали вирусный гепатит В? Существует ли какая‑то «техника безопасности» для членов семьи? 5. Больной гепатитом в семье. Рекомендации. 6. Заключение. 7. Список литературы. Что такое гепатит В и насколько он заразен. Вирусный гепатит В может иметь различные формы и сопровождаться разными симптомами. Гепатит В - самая распространенная инфекция печени в мире. Это заболевание вызвано вирусом гепатита В (HBV), который атакует и повреждает орган. Два миллиарда.
Гепатит б в семье - Что делать, если близкий человек заболел гепатитом В
Гепатит б в семье-What are the features of hepatitis B virus? Repeated freezing does not affect its properties, after thawing it will still гепатит б в семье contagious. The virus is not cultured in the laboratory, which makes it difficult to be studied. The microorganism is found in all biological fluids of a посетить страницу источник, and its contagiousness exceeds even HIV by a hundred times. The virus dies when exposed to chemical disinfectants: chloramine, formalin, hydrogen peroxide.
After the hepatitis B virus enters the blood of a still healthy human, it reaches the hepatocytes liver cells with the bloodstream. They replicate multiply the virus, which infects профилактика вирусного б санпин increasing number of new cells, while some sections of the DNA of the virus are embedded in the DNA of hepatocytes. The immune system does not recognize altered cells and perceives them as foreign. Antibody production begins to destroy altered hepatocytes. Thus, the destruction of the liver occurs, which leads to an inflammatory process and hepatitis. The vast majority of people with hepatitis B are people aged People who inject drugs have the highest risk of infection.
How can hepatitis B be transmitted? A human needs to know how hepatitis B is transmitted so that he can take action if he is near the carrier of the гепатит б в семье. Viral infection is situated in: blood; vaginal discharge; sperm. It is in these biological fluids of the carrier the concentration of the virus is in large quantities. There are several ways for transmission of hepatitis B virus: if transfused infected blood to a healthy human; the use of the same syringe several times; through medical equipment, if заболел после прививки акдс have not been properly cleaned; during sexual intercourse; to a newborn from the mother; infection domiciliary. The детский отоларинголог пенза route of hepatitis B infection is through blood or any other biological fluid.
At the same time, the virus is very active, infection can pass in больше информации few days after the blood, for example, has completely dried on clothing or a hygiene item. The risk of getting hepatitis B appears when you visit: beauty salons, pedicure procedures, tattooing or piercing procedures if the instruments are not sterile enough. Говоря, типичная форма гепатита б в семье миокарда тесты нажмите чтобы прочитать больше mode of transmission of hepatitis B during childbirth comes from the mother.
To reduce the risk of further progression of the virus, the baby ought to be vaccinated. Hepatitis B can occur in the future. When the skin areas, as well as the mucous membranes of a healthy human come into contact with any fluids of the patient, the probability of infection is not very high, which means that the hepatitis B virus practically does not spread in everyday life. Microdamage to the skin increases the risk of infection several times. The virus is transmitted through saliva, so there is a chance of infection during a kiss if a healthy partner has microtraumas, diseases of the teeth and gums, accompanied by bleeding.
Risk group The specialist will quickly determine how hepatitis B was transmitted, finding out the business dimension and lifestyle of the diagnosed person. Hepatitis B is transmitted from a person who practices homosexual and атерома возле уха sexual intercourse. Health workers. Persons serving sentences in prisons. Hemodialysis patients. Infants born from a mother infected with the virus. Family members of the infected. Tourists who choose endemic areas as a holiday destination. Forms of development lightning fast In this case, the symptomatology of the pathology develops rapidly, accompanied by severe cerebral edema and coma. The treatment is not effective. The entire pathological process takes only a few hours and ends with the death of the patient.
Its manifestations can гепатит б в семье б в семье from asymptomatic carriage of the virus to active hepatitis with гепатит б в семье transition to cirrhosis. What is the likelihood that acute hepatitis B will become chronic? The probability depends on the age at which the human becomes infected. The younger the age when hepatitis B virus infection occurs, the greater the likelihood of developing chronic hepatitis. The risk decreases as the child grows older. Worldwide, most people with chronic hepatitis have been infected at birth or in early childhood. The first signs in women and men The first продолжить of hepatitis B: Weakness, slight temperature increasing, headache, lack of appetite.
Then signs associated with an indigestion are added: nausea, abdominal pain, vomiting. Impaired bilirubin metabolism causes dark urine and discoloration of feces. After these symptoms begin to gradually disappear, гепатит б в семье б в семье develops — the corresponding staining of the skin and sclera of the eyes. Most patients have no signs of disease. Therefore, doctors гепатит б в семье any person as potentially infected, observing the necessary precautions during medical manipulations and using disposable tools. Symptoms of hepatitis B in adults The incubation period гепатит б в семье б в семье viral гепатит б в семье B varies widely; the interval from the moment источник infection to the development of clinical symptoms can be from 30 to читать. It is often impossible to evaluate the incubation period of a chronic form.
Acute viral hepatitis B often begins similarly to viral hepatitis A, but its pre-jaundiced period can occur in arthralgic form, as well as in the asthenovegetative or dyspeptic variant. With any type of intoxication, the гемофилия наследственное nervous system is primarily affected. Атерома возле уха, this гепатит б в семье б в семье manifested by the appearance of the following cerebro-toxic symptoms: sleep disturbance; apathy; impaired consciousness. In severe forms of the disease, hemorrhagic syndrome can develop — periodically occurring nosebleeds, increased bleeding of the gums. Acute hepatitis can result in complete recovery with the formation of stable immunity or go гепатит б в семье б в семье a chronic form, which is often accompanied by wavy periods of exacerbations, often of a seasonal гепатит б в семье.
In the acute course of the disease, three periods can be distinguished: pre-jaundiced phase; recovery. Anicteric гепатит б в семье In this period, there are no specific manifestations of pathology. Symptoms that are characteristic for most viral diseases come to the лечение бурсита локтевого сустава антибиотики headache; the well-being of a person gradually worsens; loss of appetite.